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Term Paper: Format of Citations and References 1. Introduction. As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the.


If the information that you re paraphrasing is "common knowledge," meaning that it s information that s generally known among people in that field, then you do not need to cite your source unless you re using a direct quotation. By contrast, if the information is unique to the author, then you need to include a reference at the end of your paraphrased sentence. So, for example, if you re paraphrasing the results of an experiment an author conducted, then include a citation. If the author is forwarding a theory that no one else has thought of, then include a citation. If the author is using specific statistics that he or she got from a particular source, then include a citation. When to cite and when not to isn t always easy to determine. When in doubt, cite your source. It s better to err on the side of "too many" citations than risk the possibility of being accused of plagiarism. Unless your teacher has specified limiting citations to the end of paragraphs, include them after each sentence that you think should be cited. Single citations at the end of paragraphs are not typically used. You mention citing the author and year, which makes me think that you re using APA style rather than MLA or Chicago. You may need to also include the page number(s) in your citations. Here s the writing lab s page at Colorado State for APA in-text citations: http://writing.colostate.edu/guides/researchsources/documentation/apa/printformat.cfm?printformat=yes And here s what they say about that: When the Author s Name is Not Mentioned in the Sentence Format: When the author s name is not mentioned in the sentence, you must include all three elements (author name, date, and page numbers or chapter) in parentheses, directly following the pertinent material being cited. When the citation falls at the end of the sentence, the parenthetical note precedes the end punctuation (period). There are two commas, one separating the author s name and the date, and one separating the date and the page number (or chapter, etc.). Page numbers are preceded by the abbreviation "p." and chapter numbers are preceded by the abbreviation "chap." NOTE: Other parts of sources that may be cited are volume, book, line, or section numbers, particularly in the case of classical works. Example: One important study has examined the genetic issues involved in schizophrenia, indicating that there might be a marker for schizophrenia on chromosome 5 (Sherrington et al., 1989, p. 65).


E all the above. it extremely is greater constructive to might desire to many products in a works noted website then to no longer have sufficient. maximum professors won t deliver you to the honors board for lacking one or 2 citations. yet they grade you down a gaggle for it. I extremely have had english professors that could desire to take off as much as two letter grades for lacking citations.