Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g. dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work. The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature published on a topic.
A literature review may constitute an essential chapter of a thesis or dissertation, or may be a self-contained review of writings on a subject. In either case, its purpose is to:
The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source. It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.
The purpose of the literature review is to provide a critical written account of the current state of research on a selected topic:
Fink, Arlene. Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From the Internet to Paper. Fourth edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2014.
This guide provides resources to help you with each step of publishing your journal article. Click here to access slides for the workshop provided by Ye Li, Meredith Kahn, and Joanna Thielen on Oct 29, 2014.
Researchers in the sciences are expanding their publishing venues from traditional journals, books, and conference proceedings to many other venues including webpages, social media, data publication, etc. As shown in the below diagram, different types of publications correspond to different stages of the research life cycle. However, research journal articles still remain the main output for primary research results. This guide focuses on issues around publishing research journal articles in the sciences.
Analyse The Literature:
Browse different search engines using different keywords and explore your area of research. Recent articles, review and authentic theories are certainly a catalyst to a worthy Paper and do not forget to note down divergent researches in your subject.
The most common mistake made by any students is they usually start each paragraph with the researcher’s or theorist’s name which portraits that the paper only describes the findings and research whereas it was supposed to evaluate and compare the literature in a questioning exposure. To resolve such miseries, summarize your statements in each paragraph and then omit the details which are off the related topic, edit the information relevant to the subject or re-structure the complete paper.
In this post, I’m going to guide you through how to write a literature review on any topic from scratch, even if you haven’t read a single paper yet.
It can be as broad as you like, because this is just a starting point. If you are still picking your specific topic for your PhD, that’s fine, but you should at least know roughly what area you want to explore.
Writing a book review is not just about summarizing; it's also an opportunity for you to present a critical discussion of the book. As a reviewer, you should combine an accurate, analytical reading with a strong, personal response. A good book review describes what is on the page, analyzes how the book tried to achieve its purpose, and expresses any reactions and arguments from a unique perspective.